The Taj Mahal is one of the most extraordinary architecture of all time and certainly the most famous and visited monument of India.
Built in 1632 in the town of Agra, India, 200 kilometers away from New Delhi, its name literally means “Palace of the Crown”.
This marvel of art and architecture is due to the great love story between the emperor Shah Jahan and his wife Mumtaz Mahal who died during childbirth.
The emperor, destroyed by the disappearance of his beloved wife, wanted to erect this monument that would have witnessed their love for eternity.
The empress Mumtaz Mahal was also loved by his people: kind and refined conquered artists and poets for its beauty and goodness.
The construction of this stupendous building, which was supposed to amaze the world, lasted for 22 years and involved artists, artisans and architects from all over the world.
The materials used for its construction were above all the white marble but also many precious and semiprecious stones like the lapispazzuli, the jasper the turquoise that make this work truly unique, precious and unrepeatable.
The legend surrounds the construction of this building and tells that the hands were cut off to all the workers to prevent them from repeating a building that, in the intentions of the emperor, had to remain unique.
Immediately after its construction, however, the mausoleum was abandoned and experienced a long decline that lasted until 1899 when the Indian government decided to start an important work of restoration of the structure that ended in 1908.
The monumental complex of the Taj Mahal is composed of various buildings gathered in a planimetric design with sophisticated symmetries; among these buildings are the large entrance gate, the garden (bageecha), the mosque, the minarets, the river and the mausoleum where the tomb of the empress is located. The work of the water channels completes the work where the surfaces of the building are reflected, creating a very suggestive and scenographic effect.
The tomb in the mausoleum, a building clad in white marble, is a place of worship and a pilgrimage destination.
The Taj Mahal has always been considered one of the most remarkable beauties of Muslim architecture in India and has been listed among the UNESCO World Heritage Sites since 9 December 1983.
It was included in 2007 among the new seven wonders of the world.