Breed is one way that living things do multiply themselves. Not least the plant as living things, the plants can breed with generative and vegetative. Generative breeding is a mating breeding (involving male and female cells), whereas vegetative propagation is breeding by involving just one stem cell.
In this article the author will describe about plant propagation by vegetative way.
Propagation Vegetative Plants
There are 2 kinds of vegetative propagation in plants that is vegetative propagation of natural vegetative and vegetative artificial.
Natural vegetative propagation is the process of plant breeding unmarried without human assistance. Various kinds of natural vegetative reproduction are buds, stolon and root. While Artificial vegetative propagation is the unmarried breeding of plants deliberately carried out by humans or with the help of humans. Various kinds of artificial vegetative breeding, such as grafting, sticking, cuttings, and duck.
Grafting is propagation plant by inserting the upper stem into the root-stock. The upper stem is the top of the plant (as long as 7 – 10 cm) inserted into the root-stock (the inserted part of the plant).
Grafting on the plant can be done by side grafting techniques, that is grafting done by connecting the upper of the stem to the bottom side of the root-stock. This side grafting is a way of multiplying plants that have a higher success rate, because the root-stock still has a complete canopy so that the process of photosynthesis to produce food substances can take place properly.
Noteworthy in this side grafting process is the top of the stem should be smaller than the diameter of the root-stock, so that the linking process is not disturbed. If the upper trunk is larger, it will not stick closely to the root-stock.
Step Side Grafting
Here are the steps to do side grafting
1. Cut the top of the stem for 7-10 cm long. Incision erect the base of the top shoots on both sides to form like the eyes of the seed or the letter “V”.
2. Cut off the side of the rootstock with the direction from top to bottom. The position of the rootstock with the direction from top to bottom. Position the incision area 15-30 cm from the neck of the root, or 2-3 cm above the brownish green bar. Then remove the “tongue” incision, but leave little to place the top of the stem.
3. Tuck the base of the top of the stem to the incision of rootstock. The exact position of the seeds is inside the incision.
4. Tightly bind the plane of the joint with a raffia rope or plastic tape from the bottom up and vice versa
5. Pack the top shoots using plastic. Put the seeds in the shade and watered every day. Usually 3-5 weeks later have begun to appear new shoots on the stem above. At that time the bonds can be released.
6. Two or three months after the connection of the former connection has healed and the top stem has grown well. At that time the top of the rootstock, just above the trunk can be cut and smeared fungicide to avoid fungal attack
7. Open the plastic wrap the top stem, then let the seeds until the cut pieces are completely healed.
Side grafting technique experiments we conducted at Vocational High School Bustanul Yatama, North Aceh. Our experiments were done on the bougenville flower plants.
For the next we will try to practice the this technique on annual crops like mango, cocoa, durian and rambutan.
This article was published also in Steemit platform